This blood sugar chart shows normal blood glucose levels before and after meals and the recommended HbA1c levels for people with and without diabetes. It can be adjusted to deliver more or less insulin depending on meals, activity level, and blood sugar level. Your A1C goal may vary depending on your age and several other factors, such as other medical conditions you may have or your ability to feel when your blood sugar level is low. It's important to control your blood glucose levels as best as possible, because sugar levels that are too high for long periods increase the risk of diabetes complications.
The table below shows the recommended blood sugar range for children under 18 with type 1 diabetes. This list of problems may seem scary, but the main point to keep in mind is that the risk of these problems can be minimized by good blood glucose control. If you are diagnosed with diabetes, it is recommended that you learn to measure your blood sugar level with a meter so that you and your healthcare team can determine how your treatment plan works for you. In addition to daily blood sugar monitoring, your provider will likely recommend regular A1C tests to measure your average blood sugar level for the past 2 to 3 months.
Regular aerobic exercise and strength training exercises at least two days a week can help control blood sugar more effectively than doing any type of exercise alone. If blood sugar levels aren't high enough to put you or your child at immediate risk, you may be referred to a provider who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of diabetes (endocrinologist). Treatment for type 1 diabetes includes insulin injections or the use of an insulin pump, frequent blood sugar checks, and carbohydrate counting. If a person with diabetes has a meter, test strips and is being tested, it's important to know what the blood glucose level means.
The purpose of performing a fasting blood sugar test is to determine how much glucose (sugar) is in the blood, and this test is commonly used to detect diabetes or prediabetes. The target blood glucose levels recommended by NICE are listed below for adults with type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes and children with type 1 diabetes. Compared to repeated daily blood sugar tests, A1C tests better show how well your overall diabetes treatment plan is working. The symptoms of type 1 diabetes usually start suddenly and are usually the reason for controlling blood sugar levels.