If the blood sugar level falls below the target range, it is known as low blood sugar (hypoglycemia). Many things can cause high blood sugar levels (hyperglycemia), such as being sick, being stressed, eating more than expected, and not taking enough insulin. People with type 2 diabetes who don't take insulin usually check their blood sugar level much less often. This habit can help you understand how your body works, what foods cause blood sugar spikes, and what's the best way to eat every day, whether it's going for a walk after eating or making sure you're eating well-balanced meals.
This way, you can detect trends (for example, your fasting blood glucose levels are constantly above target, or you tend to drop every afternoon around 4 p.m. Low blood sugar levels mean your body won't get the energy it needs because it doesn't have enough glucose to convert it into energy). Low blood sugar levels are best treated with carbohydrates that can be quickly absorbed by the body, such as fruit juice or glucose tablets. Due to conflicting findings, there are currently no alternative therapies that are recommended to help all people control their blood sugar.
If you have prediabetes, choosing a healthy lifestyle can help bring your blood sugar level back to normal. Although prediabetes is not yet diabetes, blood sugar rises to relatively dangerous levels that can slowly begin to affect your health. Physical activity lowers blood sugar by moving sugar to cells, where it is used as energy. This blood test, which does not require not eating for a period of time (fasting), shows the average blood sugar level for the past 2 to 3 months.
As a general rule, control your carbohydrate and sugar intake to avoid sugar spikes and a rise in blood sugar levels. Your blood sugar level can rise for many reasons, such as eating too much, being sick, or not taking enough glucose-lowering medications. In addition to daily blood sugar monitoring, your provider will likely recommend regular A1C tests to measure your average blood sugar level for the past 2 to 3 months. Not all of the blood sugar levels measured need to be within the target range, but the longer you stay within ideal limits, the lower the chance of complications.