A blood sugar goal is the range you're trying to reach as much as possible. This blood sugar chart shows normal blood glucose levels before and after meals and the recommended HbA1c levels for people with and without diabetes. The recommended blood sugar range can be affected by a variety of factors, including age, general health, and diabetes management goals. GLP-1 receptor agonists are injectable medications that slow digestion and help lower blood sugar levels.
According to the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, studies have not provided sufficient evidence to recommend alternative therapies for controlling blood sugar. If you have diabetes, your doctor may ask you to keep track of your blood sugar level by testing it at home using a special device called a blood glucose monitor or home blood sugar meter. If you have signs or symptoms of low blood sugar, drink or eat something that quickly raises your blood sugar level: fruit juice, glucose tablets, hard candy, or another source of sugar. It's also important to talk to your doctor to make sure you understand: a) how often you should have certain tests, such as a fasting blood glucose test or HbA1c test; b) what the results mean; and c) what your blood sugar and HbA1c goals are.
Eating certain foods or too much, being sick, or not taking medicines at the right time can cause high blood sugar levels. People who have high blood sugar levels have a higher percentage of the protein hemoglobin that is coated with sugar. Blood sugar that stays low for a longer period of time can cause serious complications, such as a coma or seizures. Your blood sugar level can drop for many reasons, such as skipping a meal, accidentally taking more medications than usual, or being more physically active than usual.
Blood sugar levels that are consistently within the recommended ranges are a sign that medications, diet, and other treatments for diabetes are working well. These measures will help keep your blood sugar level closer to normal, which can delay or prevent complications. The purpose of performing a fasting blood sugar test is to determine how much glucose (sugar) is in the blood, and this test is commonly used to detect diabetes or prediabetes. If you lose consciousness, you'll need to get an emergency injection of glucagon, a hormone that stimulates the release of sugar into your blood.
Long-acting insulin, for example, is designed to work at night or throughout the day to keep blood sugar levels stable. However, tight blood sugar control means you're more likely to have low blood sugar levels, so your doctor may suggest higher goals.